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Kùzu implements a transaction management subsystem that is atomic, durable and supports serializability. Satisfying these properties makes Kùzu ACID-compliant, as per database terminology.

Every query, data manipulation command, DDL (i.e., new node/rel table schema definitions), or COPY FROM command to Kùzu is part of a transaction. Therefore, they depict all-or-nothing behaviour, and after these commands or a set of them execute and are committed successfully, you are guaranteed that all changes will persist in entirety. If the commands do not execute successfully or are rolled back, you are guaranteed that none of the changes will persist.

These conditions hold even if your system crashes at any point during a transaction. That is, once you commit a transaction successfully, all your changes will persist even if there is an error after committing. Similarly, if your system crashes before committing or rolling back, then none of your updates will persist.

Manual Transaction

Transaction Statement

Kùzu supports the following transaction statements.

  • BEGIN TRANSACTION: starts a read-write transaction.
  • BEGIN TRANSACTION READ ONLY: starts a read-only transaction.
  • COMMIT: commit change in current transaction.
  • ROLLBACK: rollback change in current transaction.

Manual transaction

CREATE (a:User {name: 'Alice', age: 72});
MATCH (a:User) RETURN *;

The above statements start a manual read-write transaction, add a new node, and within the same transaction also read all of the tuples in User table. Finally, the transaction is committed.

You can also start a read-only transaction with BEGIN TRANSACTION READ ONLY. Read only transactions are not allowed to write to the database. You would typically start a read-only transaction for two main reasons: (i) if you want to run multiple read queries ensuring that the database does not change in-between those transactions; and/or (ii) you don’t want to block a write transaction from writing to the database in parallel (recall that at any point in time Kùzu allows one write transaction in the system).

If you replace COMMIT with ROLLBACK, the added ('Alice', 72) node record will not persist in the database.

Auto transaction

If you send a command without manually beginning a transaction, it will automatically be wrapped around a transaction. For example, the following query will be automatically wrapped around a transaction that will be executed in a serializable manner.

CREATE (a:User {name: 'Alice', age: 72});